Friday, 6 May 2016

Illuminating drought

Around the world, water evaporates from the oceans – very lowly. It condenses and falls as fresh rain. We can achieve the same – in very compressed forms. We have a 1m high cylinder, suspended on the sea fronts, or along livers. In the seas, we must allow the cylinder to track the tides, in and out. Running along a little rail.
We attack a solar p[towered vacuum pump, or wind turbine to the top. We such out water vapour -0 as the water has boiled under reduced pressure – losing all salts and contaminants.
We transport this water to a high tank or reservoir, and as the water vapour vents into the high pressure air, it condenses. This is where we locate our solar pump – to extract water vapour from the sea or brown water.
We produce fresh water – ideal for drinking or agriculture. So we ever we have access to salt water, we have access to limitless amounts of fresh water.
We end global hunger and thirst – the UN should donate the solar pump, as it is far cheaper than coping with famine.
In Saudi Arabia we irrigate the dessert. We expose the soil from before the area acidified – after the Roman empire. We grow crops – that suck CO2 from the air.
There is already a surplus of photosynthesis on the land and seas, to ensure the afternoon has a pre industrial 2 parts per million CO2 in. A static trace gas affects nothing – ask any scientist. So Global Warming was always science fiction from nuclear power, designed to make politicians act in a way favourable to nuclear power – the most toxic industry that will ever exist.

Climate Change is Global Warming in a 20 year cooling phase. It bblames te hnatural weather on a static trace of CO2.
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The World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the UN-Water Decade Programme on Capacity Development (UNW-DPC) jointly established a UN-Water Capacity Development Initiative to support National Drought Management Policies. The initiative was launched with an international kick-off in the framework of the High-level Meeting on National Drought Policy (HMNDP) in Geneva on March 12, 2013. It will be followed by a series of regional workshops in several drought-prone regions of the world throughout 2013 and 2014 and a final wrap-up conference in late 2014.

Droughts are considered to impact nations around the world with dramatic ecological and socio-economic damage. It has been estimated that droughts are the world’s costliest natural disasters, accounting for a cost of 6 to 8 billion US dollars annually, and affect more people than any other form of natural disaster (Wilhite, 2000). They are considered to be the most far-reaching of all natural disasters, causing short and long-term economic losses as well as significant secondary and tertiary impacts, particularly in the food, water and energy sectors.

Drought affects virtually all climatic regions and climate change is projected to increase the intensity, frequency and duration of drought. Despite the evidence of this trend and the diverse and tremendous effects on livelihoods and economies throughout human history, no concerted efforts are taking place to formulate and adopt national drought management policies. The usual approach taken by countries is to respond to crisis. Mostly such reactive responses are poorly coordinated and thus ineffective because they focus on addressing the impacts (Wilhite, 2011). Countries need to move away from such reactive, piecemeal and crisis-based approach to a more pro-active and risk-based approach.

Risk based drought management is multifaceted and requires the involvement of a variety of stakeholders, and, from a drought management policy perspective, capacities in diverse ministries and national institutions are needed. Based on the identification of capacity needs from national to local levels, the initiative aims to develop such capacities to enable countries develop pro-active, risk-based drought management policies and overcome prevailing structures of reactive and post-hazard management strategies. Supporting the development of such capacities is at the core of this joint initiative under UN-Water.

Last update:07 Oct 2014

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