When I met the power station regulator in 1984, he told me every nuclear plant in the UK was government owed, and carried insurance of 50 million. All 200 American nuclear plants needs insurance of $150 billion.
2 years later, we have Chernobyl, which cost the Russian government 40 billion – though the Russians did not reimburse the world. So the UK paid for the decimation of the Sottish sheep trade.
2010 I was in Brazil, as Tokyo experience Fukishima. Which cost the Japanese 100 billion. And bankrupted the 2nd richest country on Earth.
So now every country needs insurance cover of 100 billion. So in 1996, Tony Blair moved British Nuclear out of government ownership. And it ceased to be legal.
The power Station Regulator had the legal imperative to issue immediate stop orders – even on Sizewell B: who has never operated legally again.
Why was this not done? Did a lot of money change hands? The British Council and House of Lords have legal supremacy, and must issue immediate stop orders. The Magnox stations did shut down, but then started up again.
As EDF realised it was easier to modify a working plant. But that only applies while the plant has planning approval.
So EDF used its own engineers to extend planning. The British Council noted this is legally unsafe – totally illegal.
But then did nothing. And then we get to Hinckley point. There planning ended 1990. EDF extended consent – again illegally. Which means the operation is illegal.
Before Chernobyl a fine of 10 million was due, and the plant managers get 10 years in jail. After Chernobyl the figure rose to 40 billion. After Fukishima 100 billion. Which is why Germany and Japan do not allow uranium nuclear power to operate.
The alternative is safe, free, non toxic Molecular Nuclear Fusion. Which is 64 times more powerful.