Tuesday, 16 August 2016

Water – the clean diesel fuel


Addition of Water to Diesel Process

Methods of Water Addition

Addition of water into the diesel combustion process is a known method to reduce NOx and, in some implementations, simultaneously reduce NOx and PM emissions. The very notion of introducing water into the cylinder of the diesel engine may sound controversial. After all, engineers have been taking great care to accomplish the exact opposite and protect the combustion chamber from water contamination, be it from the fuel or from water condensation in intake air coolers. The controversy around water addition is founded on the observation that water droplets impinging on the cylinder walls can immediately destroy the lubrication oil film. This danger however, although very real, is posed exclusively by liquid water. Once water is evaporated, it can no longer affect the lube oil film [Holtbecker 1998]. Thus, water addition methods which ensure that water droplets cannot contact the cylinder liner surface may be considered harmless. Further concerns have been raised that increased concentrations of water vapor in engine cylinder may result in condensation of water and/or sulfuric acid leading to corrosion problems. Apparently, these suspicions are not justified either, as the dew point of sulfuric acid at very high water:fuel ratio of 1:1 is increased by only up to 15°C [Vollenweider 1995]. Considering the temperatures in diesel combustion, condensation in the combustion chamber is not possible at any time.
In general, water can be introduced into the diesel combustion process using one of the following methods:
  • Emulsified fuel
  • In-cylinder water injection
  • Water injection into the intake air
I came acrosss this in 2001, but my PhD gto stopped before I could investigate further. Water under pressure does Molecular Nuclear Fusion
1 H2O+P+TU->He+O+E2+X-ray
I have just found a really interesting paper on He production from natural gas
2 CH4+P+T+TU->C+2He+X-ray+L+X-ray
The deep uses the turbulent flow of geohtermal water to produce He and O
3 H2O+T+P+TU->He+O+E2+X-ray+L
Sp the Earth's Helium from the deep replemishes and will never run out. We can run a diesel engine on a diesel-water emulsion.
This reduces emissions, and fuel costs.
We? I would squirt industial detergent into the diesel tank, and add 20% water.
Meanwhile, Wikipeadia tell you about a water powered car https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water-fuelled_car
If we modify a diesel with cone head cylinder additions, we raise the the pressure to 14 atmospheres – I presume is high enough for water vapour to disel: the PhD student at Sheffield could not have used higher pressures – without serious super charging.
So we need no Fossil Fuels burn! We do Molecular Nuclear Fusion.
4 H2O+TU+P->He+O+E2+X-ray E2=6x104 W per stroke and cylinder.

So motorway travel, with no call to a filling station. We are talking about fusing 10-15cc of water per stoke. So we condense the steam, abd ecover most of the water. No petrol, no diesel and VERY cheap travel.

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